This process word often occurs together with others, such as in describe and criticize. Determine asks you to find out something, maybe to calculate or estimate something. You should always describe how you arrive at the answer, including an appreciation of how not to proceed. Be open about the shortcomings or potential dangers of your approach. Differentiate between something and something else is a combination of describe and define. Your answer should include an outline of the problems and then evaluate the different arguments or points of view. Weigh up the points for and against.
Very often your own opinion is asked, usually in form of an evaluation of the different points of view. Look out for key debates that are involved. The statements that come with this process word are often deliberately provocative. Elaborate asks for a discussion in great detail. Always give reasons and include illustrations.
Think carefully about which aspects of a theory or concept are worth exploring in great detail. In this sense, this question often asks you to—implicitly—determine the key components of something.
Avoid repetitions of the same point. Elucidate is very similar to explain.
This often involves a clear line of argument, and usually a number of illustrations to bring the argument alive. Enumerate in principle asks you to put a number to something.
Essay state illustrate elaborate
You should always try to estimate the extent of something, having outlined how you reach this estimate. State clearly how you reached your conclusion or estimate. Evaluate is similar to discuss, but it asks you to focus more on the value or importance of a certain argument or point of view. You should weigh up the different aspects, illustrate the argument, and refer to established works.
Also see the box on persuasiveness on page Examine is a process word that asks you to have a close look at something. Consider the different components and parts. Often you can examine an issue using different theoretical perspectives. Always make explicit which perspectives you use. Explain asks you to focus on how things work. Rather than focusing on things as they are, this process word asks you to focus on how things got there.
The answer will include some describing and analyzing. To what extent is similar to assess or criticize. Look out for theoretical and practical limits to the statement, but also include evidence in favour. The typical conclusion highlights the limits of the proposition, but will neither be total acceptance nor total dismissal. Watch out for changes over time and across space: Is the proposition also applicable in other cultures? Was the proposition also applicable in the past?
Identify is a process word that allows you a great deal of liberty. The choice of these key aspects, however, is often secondary to your answer. Instead, you should focus your attention to the criteria of evaluation: why a feature is central. You should defend and justify your choice of picks. Illustrate is similar to explain, but the person writing the question appears to be very keen on illustrative examples.
Writing the Introduction
Make sure you have a relevant example, and include enough details to make clear the relevance. Sometimes, you may illustrate the argument with statistics. What is important is that the examples support the argument, and you therefore demonstrate how exactly the examples are relevant. Sometimes a question will ask you explicitly about a figure or diagram to explain or clarify. Take care to follow such instructions carefully.
Where nothing is stated, assume that you should include concrete examples. Indicate asks you to show and explain. Make sure you demonstrate how the example is relevant to the question. Infer is a process word that asks you to conclude based on facts or a clear line of reasoning. Interpret asks for a clarification and explanation.
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Rather than just describing, you should also give your judgement. An interpretation often highlights how an issue or point of view relates to others, or outlines the different meanings and interpretations there are to it. Justify on the surface asks for a defence of a particular statement, theory, or point of view. You should cite evidence and give examples that support the case.
The justification thus is a form of evaluation. List probably looks as innocent as describe, and is in fact closely related. Make sure you include how you decided to classify, what criteria you used to put the list in sequence. This process word may mean that you have to list the key components of a concept.
Mention asks you to describe something briefly. Outline asks you to indicate what the main characteristics or features of a topic or point of view are. Your answer may focus on how the different features relate to each other, rather than just describing them. Prove is a rare process word in the social sciences. You should try to demonstrate that something is true and certain. On the one hand you should provide convincing examples and evidence that something is the case.
On the other hand, you should also demonstrate that the opposite is not the case either. Relate is similar to giving an account of. Review is very similar to assess. The answer will thus include a selection of everything about a topic. Instead, you should try to organize your answer, such as into schools of thought, or key proponents. Leaving out less relevant contributions is often the key to a successful answer. Take care not merely to describe who said what, but also to assess the merit of their argument. Show asks you to indicate something. Make sure you use appropriate evidence and examples to back up your claims.
Make clear what something means. You should suggest the most likely case.
State asks you to express something carefully. Make sure you cover the different components and be clear. Suggest is somewhat similar to speculate. You should mention the different possibilities, and choose the most likely one. Make sure you include in the essay the criteria how you evaluate the different possibilities: how you can say that one is the most likely possibility.
Many people operate under the notion that making mistakes is an aberration, a mistake if you will. You can call it perfectionism but it is a more substantial problem. It is really a demand for order and continuity. When we think we can eliminate mistakes, we are often working from a perspective that sees the world as a fixed place.
The world, however, is not so obliging. Like it or not, the world, and everything in it, is constantly changing. Change is more constant and pervasive than we can see with our own eyes which is why we often miss it. Our bodies are constantly changing. The natural conditions of the earth change constantly as well. Everything, including economic and cultural systems have life cycles. Everything is in a constant state of flux. We cannot see all of the changes going on around us since rates of change vary.
Unfortunately, when we try to create a feeling of certainty and solidity in our lives or operate from the illusion of stability and order, we are fighting reality and our natural evolution which is built on adapting to change. It is better to continually bend into this reality rather than fight every change we experience. Fighting it can cause us to make more mistakes. Finding the benefits in change can be useful and help us minimize unnecessary mistakes. Life has so many uncertainties and variables that mistakes are inevitable.
How to Explain Things Better and Make Others Understand Your Ideas Easily
Fortunately, there are many things you can learn from making mistakes. When we accept change as the natural structure of the world, our vulnerability and humanness lets us work with the ebb and flow of life. When we recognize the inevitability of mistakes as part of the ongoing experiment which life is, then we can relax more.
In doing so we may make fewer of them. It also helps to keep in mind that trial and error is an organic natural way of living.
It is how we have evolved over time. It is better to be with our natural evolution than to fight it and make life harder. When we adopt an evolutional mindset and see ourselves as part of the ongoing human experiment, we can appreciate that all that has been built up over time which includes the many mistakes our ancestors have made over thousands of years.
Each one of us today is a part of that human tradition of learning and experimenting,. Mistakes are part of the trial and error, experimental nature of life. The more you adopt the experimental, evolutional frame, the easier it becomes to handle mistakes. Featured photo credit: Sarah Kilian via unsplash. Productivity Smartcut Advertising. Share Pin it Tweet Share Email. So, what exactly is this method and how can you apply it?
State it Step 2. Elaborate Step 3. Exemplify Step 4. Illustrate Summing it up.
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